Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah alaih)
Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah alaih) was born in 80 Hijri,in Kufa(Iraq)
His name was Nouman ,his father’s name was Thabit, but he became very famous around the world as Abu Hanifa. He was in the time when there were still some Sahaba Kiram living. He saw the famous companion, Hazrat Anas Bin Malik( Radi allaho anhu) and six other companions too. He learnt Ahadith from a group of Tabi’een, and spent much of his time in worship.
Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih) attended the lectures of Sayyiduna Hammad Basri (Radi Allah anhu) in Fiqh and then began to study the Hadith. He learnt under great scholars in Kufa. In Basrah he studied under two great Taabi’ie scholars who had learnt Hadith under the Sahaba. In Makkatul Mukarammah and Madinatul Munawwarah, he learnt under Sayyiduna Ata bin Abi Rabah and Sayyiduna Ikramah (Radi Allahu anhuma). In fact, Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa ( Rahmatullah alaihh) had numerous teachers. Some historians say that he learnt Hadith from about 4 000 scholars. Some of his famous teachers were: Sayyiduna Imam Baaqir, Sayyiduna Imam Jafer Saadiq, Sayyiduna Ali, Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah, Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Umar, Sayyiduna Aqabah bin Umar, Sayyiduna Safwaan, Sayyiduna Jabir and Sayyiduna Abu Qatadah (Radi Allahu anhum ajma’in).
Hadeeth of the Holy Prophet( Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) about Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih) Hazrat Imam al-Harizmi reported from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhumA) that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Among my Ummah, there will come a man called Abu Hanifa. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be the light of my Ummah.” Another Hadith Shareef states: “In every century, a number of my Ummah will attain to high grades. Abu Hanifa will be the highest of his time.” These two Ahadith are recorded in “Durr al-Mukhtar.”
Regarding Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullah alaih) the various Fuqahae Kiram have said as following:-
- Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mubarrak (Radi Allahu anhu)said:
‘He was the Greatest of all those who was well-versed in Islamic laws’.
Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullahi alaih) left behind about 980 students. The most famous among them being:
a. Sayyiduna Qadi Abu Yusuf (Radi Allahu anhu)
b. Sayyiduna Imam Muhammed (Radi Allahu anhu)
c. Sayyiduna Imam Zufur (Radi Allahu anhu)
Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih). earned his living by trading. Every Friday, he distributed 20 gold coins to the poor for his parent’s soul. For 40 years Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih). Performed the Fajr Salaah with the Wudu that he made for the Esha Salaah (ie. he did not sleep after the night prayer). He performed Hajj 55 times. He used to recite the entire Holy Quran once every day and once every night. Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih). Had so much of Taqwa (Piety) that for 30 years he fasted every day (except for the 5 forbidden days). He often read the Holy Quran in one Rakaah or two. He did not accept any presents from anyone. He wore clothes like those of the poor. Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih). Once said: “I laughed once in my life and I regret it.” He talked little and thought much. It is said that at the place where his soul was taken, he read the Holy Quran 7 000 times.
In the Month of Rajab 150 Hijri, Imam A’zam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah alaih). Passed away while in Salaah. He had been poisoned by the orders of Caliph Mansur. His Janaza Salaah was performed six times and each time 50 000 people took part. People continued to come and pray for him for 20 days after he was buried. He was 70 years old. In 459 Hijri, a Mazaar (Tomb) was built for him by the Seljuki ruler Alp Arsalan. He lies buried in a Tomb situated near Baghdad in Iraq. At his funeral, there were so many people that the Salaah of Janazah had to be read six times. (Tazkarra Al Hufaz, Tarikh Ibn Kathir) May Allah grant him peace and Blessings.